Lifelong Learning Programme

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This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This web site reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Geographical Areas

Homepage > Learning Science through Nature > Geographical Areas


Geography, Biology, Geology
Bârnova is a commune in Iaşi County, Romania, part of the Iaşi Metropolitan Area. It is composed of six villages: Bârnova, Cercu, Păun, Pietrăria, Todirel and Vişan.
he Bârnova Monastery (Romanian: Mănăstirea Bârnova) is a Romanian Orthodox monastery located in Bârnova, Iași metropolitan area, Moldavia, Romania.

Built in 1628 by Moldavian Voivode Miron Barnovschi-Movilă, the monastery is listed in the National Register of Historic Monuments.

The oldest tree in Iași County is the 675-year-old hybrid lime tree (declared Natural Monument), located in the courtyard of Bârnova Monastery. When the lime was about 57 years old and had about 14 centimetres in diameter, Iași was mentioned as an urban settlement, during the reign of Prince Alexander the Good (1408).


Fun With Flowers – Lesson into the nature Teacher and students went to the Barnova area to search for flowers. They have found what specific flowers grow in that area and their characteristics. This is the lesson plan followed by teacher: 1. Give students a flower that has been picked in advance. Have students examine its parts and help them identify each part. Ask: What do you notice about your flowers size, shape, color and scent? The sepals are the lowest most part on the flower. They protect the unopened flower bud. The petals are usually brightly colored and thin. They are above the sepals on a flower. The main function of the petals is to attract insect, bird, or mammal pollinators. 2. Give students another flower picked in advance. Have them go to a meadow or garden of flowers and play eye-spy, seeing if they can find the same flower. 3. Have students draw a picture of their flower and identify its parts.
Working sheets with Flowers Following the discovered done by the students into the nature, students have been given different flowers working sheets and asked to reproduce the flowers based on the study done into the Barnova forest area.
Flowers and herbs Flowers and herbs: lady\'s slipper (Cypripedium calceolus), foot buttercup (Ranunculus repens), snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis), foot goat (ground elder), milk dog (Euphorbia cyparissias), yellow pods (Anemone ranunculoides), violet (Scilla bifolia) pepper, wolf (Asarum europaeum), Pulmonaria officinalis (Pulmonaria officinalis), wild garlic (Allium ursinum), horsetail (Equisetum arvense), dumb (Teucrium chamaedrys), combing (Cynosorus cristatus), javelin (Dorycnium herbaceum), couch grass ( Agrostis stolinifera), wind grass (Nardus stricta) or Festuca strict ruoicola and Festuca valesiaca.
Repedea Hill Repedea Hill is a nature reserve situated at 9 km south of Iasi, in the historical region Moldova, Romania. Repedea Hill is part of Iasi ridge, at the contact between the Central Moldavian plateu and Jijia plain. The scientific studies, describing the fossil fauna, are considered to be the birth document of the Romanian goelogy. In 1953, the area (the proper scientific area of 5.8 acres) was declared a reserve in 1953, being the first geological (paleontological) reserve in Romania. The Repedea hill is a Fossil Site. The fossils and the limestone discovered in the area were part of the former Sarmatic sea. The scientific area includes the limestone walls, the former quarries (oolitic limestone), the caves and an area of the structural plateau.
Trees and shrubs Trees and shrubs species of beech (Fagus sylvatica), oak (Quercus petraea), oak (Quercus robur) and hornbeam (Carpinus betulus), maple (Acer campestre), Tilia cordata (Tilia cordata), ash (Fraxinus excelsior) silver linden (Tilia tomentosa), birch (Betula nana), cherry-bird (Prunus avium), sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus), hazel (Corylus Avellana), hawthorn (Crataegus monoghyna), horn (Cornus mas), dogwood (Cornus sanguinea), soft chain (Euonymus europaeus), privet (Ligustrum vulgare), wild rose (Rosa canina);
Birds Barnova Forest covers a wide variety of birds. Annual hunting tournaments are organized. Birds (migratory passage, sedentary): buzzard (Buteo rufinus), buzzard (Buteo lagopus), short-toed eagle (Circaetus gallicus), Western marsh-harrier (Circus aeruginosus), Northern harrier (Circus cyaneus), kite gray (Circus pygargus ), corncrake (Crex crex), nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus), (Coracias garrulus), woodpecker oak (Dendrocopos medius), black woodpecker (Dryocopus martius), woodpecker white-backed (Dendrocopos leucotos), Grey-headed woodpecker (Picus canus), bunting garden (Emberiza hortulana), goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), Lesser spotted eagle (Aquila pomarina), kingfisher (Alcedo atthis) [12] owl (Bubo Bubo) hawk winter (Falco columbarius), the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) falcon swallows (Falco subbuteo), red-footed falcon (Falco vespertinus), kestrel (Falco tinnunculus), eagle dwarf (Hieraaetus pennatus), red-backed shrike (Lanius collurio) , wood lark (Lullula arborea), Lesser Grey shrike (Lanius minor), red kite (Milvus milvus)


Scilla bifolia Scilla bifolia or two-leaf squill is a herbaceous perennial growing from an underground bulb,belonging to the genus Scilla of the Asparagaceae family. Scilla bifolia grows from a bulb 1–2 cm (0.4–0.8 in) across.[2] There are two or rarely three lance-shaped, curved, fleshy and shiny leaves. The bases of the leaves clasp up to about the half of the stem (amplexicaul). The flowering stems are erect and unbranched, 10–20 cm high. The raceme bears 6-10 flowers, each 1 cm across.
Matricaria chamomilla Chamomile or camomile is the common name for several daisy-like plants of the family Asteraceae that are commonly used to make herb infusions to serve various medicinal purposes. Popular uses of chamomile preparations include treating hay fever, inflammation, muscle spasms, menstrual disorders, insomnia, ulcers, gastrointestinal disorders, and hemorrhoids. M. chamomilla has a branched, erect and smooth stem, which grows to a height of 15–60 cm (6–23.5 in). The long and narrow leaves are bipinnate or tripinnate.The flowers are borne in paniculate flower heads (capitula). The white ray florets are furnished with a ligule, while the disc florets are yellow. The hollow receptacle is swollen and lacks scales. This property distinguishes German chamomile from corn chamomile (Anthemis arvensis), which has a receptacle with scales. The flowers bloom in early to midsummer, and have a strong, aromatic smell. M. chamomilla can be found near populated areas all over Europe and temperate Asia, and it has been widely introduced in temperate North America and Australia. It often grows near roads, around landfills, and in cultivated fields as a weed, because the seeds require open soil to survive.
Taraxacum officinale/ Dandelion Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion (often simply called \\\"dandelion\\\"), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae). It can be found growing in temperate regions of the world, in lawns, on roadsides, on disturbed banks and shores of water ways, and other areas with moist soils. T. officinale is considered a weed, especially in lawns and along roadsides, but it is sometimes used as a medical herb and in food preparation. Taraxacum officinale grows from generally unbranched taproots and produces one to more than ten stems that are typically 5–40 cm (2.0–15.7 in) tall, but sometimes up to 70 cm (28 in) tall. The stems can be tinted purplish, they are upright or lax, and produce flower heads that are held as tall or taller than the foliage. The foliage may be upright-growing or horizontally spreading; the leaves have petioles that are either unwinged or narrowly winged. The stems can be glabrous or sparsely covered with short hairs. Plants have milky latex and the leaves are all basal; each flowering stem lacks bracts and has one single flower head.
Components of a flower The drawing represent the important components of a flower. The drawing highlights the petals, stamen, anthers, filaments, pistol, stigma, style, ovary, sepal. The drawing has been used during the classes with students for a better understanding.